Propane vs. Electric Smoker: Which is the Right Choice for You?

Adding smoky flavor to your food with a smoker can be very satisfying, but which type is best for you? Various types of smokers exist, including electric and propane models.

Propane smokers have grown in popularity because of propane’s relative affordability and ease of access to propane smokers. Gas smokers provide a large cooking surface that can be adjusted to your liking.

An electric smoker is a better option in case of propane inaccessibility or if you want more control over your cooking temperature.

We aim to give you the information you need to decide what type of smoker is right for your home.

Which is Better for You: A Propane or an Electric Smoker?

Both propane and electric smokers have their advantages. However, a difference between electric and propane smokers is that, in comparison, the latter can offer a broader range of heat temperatures.

Furthermore, propane smokers give you greater versatility than electric smokers do.

You can quickly get the temperature off the desired range if you aren’t watching your propane smoker’s flame. As well, propane smokers require some care and maintenance, which can be time-consuming.

Let’s get into the details now!

Propane Gas Smoker Summary

The majority of propane smokers use tanks as heat sources due to their convenience and cost-effectiveness.

It gives you more control over the temperature. Increasing the temperature to very high levels will allow you to smoke as quickly as a flash. Additionally, propane smokers produce better results when smoking meat and other foods.

The propane smoker is built into a cabinet with wire shelves, which means you can load it up with as much food as possible.

If you use a propane grill or a propane smoker, it will replicate the roasting process closely.

Taking the traditional grilling experience outside is no problem with a propane smoker.

How does it work?

Propane smokers are simple to set up once you have a full propane tank. You connect the propane tank to the propane smoker through a hose mounted outside the grill.

The tank provides the fuel for the burner, which is controlled by the control knob at the bottom of the cabinet. You can make the propane burner hotter or cooler as needed.

There’s no real magic here. It’s just a straightforward temperature control knob. When cooking meat, fish, and other foods, it would be helpful to watch a separate thermometer to get the propane smoker up to the temperature you desire.

In propane smokers, the smoke and heat flow up through a vertical column with bottom vents. The top of the propane smoker has a vent, which allows propane smoke to escape from the smoker.

Additionally, propane smokers often have vents on the sides to increase or decrease airflow.

Smokers are a chef’s best friend. Due to the proximity of the burners, the cooker maintains a constant temperature for hours thanks to the damper, and its wood chips in water are fully heated thanks to the burners.

Almost immediately, they begin to smolder, giving you and your guests something delicious-smelling to enjoy.

Pros of Propane Smokers

  • Compared to electric smokers, the maximum temperature is higher.
  • It does not matter where the gas smoker is located since it is propane-powered and not electric (you don’t need it near a power outlet).
  • The food tastes similar to what you would get from a traditional charcoal smoker.
  • Regardless of what goes wrong with a propane smoker, fixing it isn’t difficult.
  • As long as you have propane, the power outage won’t affect you.
  • Compared with an electric smoker of the same quality, it costs a bit less.

Cons of Propane Smokers

  • Cheap gas smokers remain hotter than more expensive ones, so you need to keep an eye on them.
  • It may not be a detriment if you’re an avid smoker, but mobile apps can’t control propane smokers.
  • The most obvious disadvantage is that you will need to refill the propane tank periodically.
  • Another common problem is that gas smokers aren’t well insulated. Consequently, bad weather may have a negative effect on your cooking.

Electric Smoker Summary

If you’ve ever seen a propane barbecue grill, you might think the propane smoker is the same. But electric smokers are different: there is no tank or hose to connect them to your smoker, and you can’t have one in your backyard without power.

The cooking space inside an electric smoker looks identical to a regular stovetop oven – with racks for holding food on top rather than shelves. Inside this enclosed area, it’s heated by electricity instead of natural gas from outside tanks (propane).

This type of heating requires a longer time between meat and heat source, which produces juicier results but limits its portability.

Excellent if the outlet is near the home base – if not, then not so good.

How does it work?

We’ve found an electric smoker to be a lot easier than propane-powered ones. The heating element resembles those found in standard kitchen ovens. It raises the temperature of the wood chip tray to the appropriate level.

With the integrated heating element, electric smokers are a lot more convenient than propane-powered ones.

The smoker itself is hooked up to an electric outlet and then set at your preferred temperature with its easy dials for convenience’s sake.

Smoke and heat from below the cabinet rise over the food cooked inside the cabinet as it has been convection heated. As a result, the meat is always perfectly cooked.

As for cooking cheese and fish, the electric smoker can take care of both.

Pros of Electric Smokers

  • A complete temperature control system.
  • Easy to use: just select the temperature mode and have fun.
  • Clean and maintain easily: most electric smokers require little maintenance, just a few minutes each month.
  • Those living in apartments should be able to use it: electric smokers aren’t reliant on propane tanks or outside grills.
  • If you want to increase the flavor of your smoked food, you can get cold smoking with most electric smokers.
  • In comparison, propane smokers are much more dangerous because of their volatile nature.

Cons of Electric Smokers

  • A propane smoker usually achieves a higher temperature than an electric smoker.
  • It is necessary to have a power source. Consequently, you will need a generator if you want to take it camping.
  • If you plan to use an electric smoker, you must consider the weather conditions.
  • Food has a milder smoky flavor.
  • Using electric smokers, it’s hard to get a smoke ring.
  • Repairing an electric smoker is not the cheapest option.

Electric vs. Propane Smokers: What’s the Difference?

It is common to use smokers to add flavor to delicious food and create a specific taste profile. It is crucial to choose the right type of smoker so that your final product is the best it can be.

For example, propane smokers are often better for heavier meats like pork shoulders and beef because they can cook at higher temperatures than electric smokers.

On the other hand, propane smokers don’t allow for much control over temperature and are often less versatile.

Electric smokers are often better for delicate foods such as fish and cheese because they can be set to a lower temperature.

The following factors can help you decide what type of smoker is best for you:


If you’re looking for something easy to use, then an electric smoker is your best bet.

It only requires you to plug it in and set the temperature. And be sure it will hold that temperature for the entire cooking process.

However, some high-end propane smokers have a digital controller that will allow you to control the temperature precisely.

Tank replacement can be quite a hassle. If you already use a barbecue grill in your backyard, propane tanks will be easy to obtain. However, it is possible that you don’t have a spare tank on hand if you don’t use propane frequently.

On the other hand, a propane smoker is what you should use if you plan to bring it with you to your camping destination.

Food flavor

As far as taste is concerned, propane smokers and electric units are very similar.

In propane and electric smokers, the smoking process is virtually the same. It comes from both the smoke process and slow cooking that gives smoked food its distinctive taste.

On the other hand, the propane smoker provides enough heat for meat to develop that delicious smoked crust. It is difficult to do that with electric smokers.

Variability and Temperature Range

To enjoy the “hot smoking,” the temperature needs to stay between 225 degrees and 250 degrees Fahrenheit. A smoker allows you to cook your food for a long time without burning or drying your meat, and it’s the most common form of smoking.

Since gas smokers provide high heat quickly, they make ideal devices for cooking things like ribs, briskets, and sausages.

A better option for cooking delicate foods such as salmon would be an electric cooker. The advantage of electric smokers is that they maintain a consistent temperature in that situation.

Cooking Space and Size

As both types of smokers have cabinets with nearly identical sizes and amounts of available space, it might not matter which one you pick in the end.

Both electric and propane smokers have the same cooking space, but propane models require storing propane tanks.

Cleaning and maintenance

Cleaning and maintaining your gas grill or electric smoker is simple. Typically, propane smokers only need an occasional propane refill, depending on the model.

All your delicious food stays fresh in the smoking chamber while it smokes. If any drippings leak out during cooking, line the edges with foil to facilitate cleanup even more than before.

The wide-open door makes getting in there so easy – just reach your arm through either of the two shelves on either side of the open doorway to clean up spills or spatters.

Splatter or grease won’t build up to where it counts due to the low smoke levels, but your cabinets may acquire a patina after some time.

It is not always easy to remove these damages because getting to their hiding places might be difficult without removing other things first.

Price and Running Cost

The price range of propane smokers is generally lower. Nevertheless, electric smokers are cheaper to run than propane as they use electricity, and propane prices may vary from place to place.

Although propane offers a faster cooking time, electric smokers are much more cost-effective in the long run.

Some people consider propane to be a better choice since it allows them to cook faster. Others may prefer electric smokers because of their excellent value and lower running costs.

Bad Weather Considerations

If you intend to use the smoker outdoors or indoors, it is imperative to determine how well the smoker will perform in adverse weather conditions.

There is less chance of experiencing a power outage with propane smokers.

However, propane smokers are not very well insulated, and they can suffer from the elements, making it difficult to control them in harsh weather.

Electric smokers can be used even if it’s drizzling, but propane is the better option if you live in a wet area. However, you can find a cover that will keep the rain off your electric smoker.

Propane smokers can be challenging to control if you live in a windy area. Electric smokers are much more energy-efficient than propane ones, and they provide much-needed insulation in windy areas.

You can utilize the advantage of hiding under an opened garage door if your garage allows you to do so.

It may not be a wise idea to use an electric heater during the winter. When the weather gets cold, the propane smoker is more effective.

Quality of Finished Food

According to propane smoker users, smoked meat like beef, pork butts, and fish don’t taste as flavorful as smoked meats cooked with electricity.

Electric smokers can still produce a decent flavor, but propane gas smokers produce a flavor similar to that of charcoal grills.

How long will a 20lb propane tank last on a smoker?

Ensure you have an extra tank on hand, so you don’t run out of fuel during a barbecue.

With a 20lb standard size, a disposable propane tank is enough for 18-20 hours, and a disposable 14 or 16-ounce tank is suitable for 1.5-2 hours.

Wrapping up

Clearly, propane smokers and electric smokers are two different types of smokers.

Propane is your best option if you want to cook quickly. Quality smokers powered by propane can be unstable in bad weather and difficult to control when it’s windy.

Moreover, they do not provide insulation from the elements, so they are difficult to use in inclement weather.

As the temperature rises over a lengthy period, your food cooks slowly and steadily in an electric smoker.

Electric smoker flavor profiles are different from propane. A propane fire offers the same robust flavor without the mess that comes with charcoal smokers.

The overall cost of running an electric smoker over a gas burner is less, and propane can sometimes be difficult to fill up.

Propane smokers are typically more portable.

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